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REPAIR MAINTENANCE OPERATION OF MOTOR VEHICLES
Volkswagen Sharan (from 1995 to 2000, the year of issue)

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Volkswagen Sharan
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Volkswagen
Sharan
Introduction
VR6 engine
The two-liter engine (ADY)
Engine oil
Cooling
A fuel injection system VR6 engine
The system Simos injection 2.0-liter engine
The ignition system
Coupling
Manual 5-speed gearbox
The drive shafts
Power steering
Front suspension
Refitting
Repairing front suspension
Anti-roll bar
Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels
Rear suspension
Brakes
Electrical
Diesel engine
The lubrication system of the diesel engine
The cooling system of the diesel engine
The power supply system of the diesel engine and turbocharger
Map service.
Applications
Wiring
 


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Refitting



Removing and installing wheel bearing, shock absorber and drive shaft
Fig. 279. Removing and installing wheel bearing, shock absorber and drive shaft 1 - a bolt, 110 Nm (always replace); 2 - knuckle; 3 - a bolt; 4 - bolt 5 Nm; 5 - speed sensor ABS; 6 - a protective cover of the hinge; 7 - nut 30 Nm + 90 ?; 8 - shock absorber; 9 - wheel bolt 140 Nm; 10 - bolt 150 Nm + 90 ?; 11 - Disc; 12 - bolt 10 Nm; 13 - wheel hub; 14 - a lock ring of the bearing; 15 - the case of the wheel bearing; 16 - bolt 55 Nm; 17 - Bracket brake; 18 - bolt 200 Nm; 19 - drive shaft





The procedure for removing the front suspension (Fig. 279):
- While the vehicle is on the ground, loosen the wheel nuts and bolt the drive shaft (if there must be disassembled shock absorber). Loosen the bolt of the drive shaft (the total weight of the vehicle should not fall on the wheel bearing). Remove locks the wheel nuts if they were wearing;
- Remove the engine protection;

Duct (1) and the wall (2) in the engine compartment (arrows indicate attachment points)
Fig. 280. The air duct (1) and the wall (2) in the engine compartment (arrows indicate attachment points)





- Remove the engine compartment air duct 1 (Fig. 280) and the wall of the compartment 2 AB;
- Remove the coolant expansion tank;

Fixing the shock absorber rod
Fig. 281. Fixing the shock absorber rod





- Fix the shock absorber base (Fig. 281) in a fixed position by inserting a hexagon piston rod (7 mm) and remove it;
- Lift the car and establish it on support;
- Remove the brake hose bracket with shock absorber;
- Remove the speed sensor ABS system;
- Remove the bracket and the brake wire tie it in place without removing the brake hose;
- Remove the nut of the hinge tie rod and a stripper squeeze out of her finger the ball joint. Protect the ball joint from dirt;
- Remove the bolt of the drive shaft of the wheel;

Connecting rod 1 anti-roll bar is attached above and below
Fig. 282. Connecting rod 1 anti-roll bar is attached above and below





- Remove pull the stabilizer bar to mount the shock absorber (Fig. 282). Do not damage the rubber head of the connecting rod during this operation. Replace nut.
Further stages of work carried out by choice.
Removing the shock absorber:

Suspension strut to knuckle (arrow Set screw connections)
Fig. 283. Suspension strut to knuckle (arrow Set screw connections)





- Remove the bolt at the bottom of the shock absorber (Fig. 283);
- Press wishbone down and remove the shock absorber base;
- Replace the bolt.
Removing the shock absorber with a rotary fist:

Two bolts (shown by arrow) hold the bottom part of the ball bearing in the lower portion of the knuckle
Fig. 284. Two screws (shown by arrow) hold the bottom part of the ball bearing in the lower portion of the knuckle




Remove the ball joint of the finger arm with a pulley puller
Fig. 285. Remove the ball joint of the finger arm with a pulley puller




- Unscrew the bottom of the knuckle two bolts arm (Fig. 284) and press it down. Remove the ball joint front suspension. By removing the nut in the bottom arm. Install a puller (Fig. 285), remove the ball joint from the control arm;
- Disconnect draft (see. Fig. 282) and remove the shock absorber base (Fig. 286).

Pull out the knuckle so that disengaged drive shaft and remove the shock absorber base
Fig. 286. Pull out the knuckle so that disengaged drive shaft and remove the shock absorber base




Install in reverse order with respect to the process of withdrawal.
Installing the shock absorber:
- Install the shock absorber base to the upper bracket and slide stop. Install a new self-locking nut, but do not tighten it;
- Insert the lower part of the strut at the top of the knuckle so that the notch on the tube shock absorber coincides with the hole in the steering knuckle. Raise the bottom wishbone. Insert new bolt and tighten it to a torque of 110 Nm;
- Fix the shock absorber piston rod in a fixed position (see. Fig. 281) and tighten the nut on the top rack to 60 N ? m;
- Set the connecting rod stabilizer bar. Tighten the nut (use a new nut) torque of 100 Nm. In the same moment, tighten the nut on the stabilizer bar;
- Establish joint tie rod and tighten the self-locking nut (use a new nut) to 30 N ? m and tighten it further by 90 ?;
- Set the brake bracket and tighten the screws tightening torque of 200 Nm;
- Lower the car to the ground and tighten the wheel bolts torque of 140 Nm;
Installing the shock absorber with a rotary fist:
- Install the shock absorber base into the hole in the back of the car, set the rubber mount and screw nut strut but do not tighten it;
- Set the steering knuckle (see. Fig. 286) on the drive shaft and install a new bolt with a washer. Tighten the bolts to 50 Nm before lower the car on wheels. If the bolt is not tightened, it will lead to damage to the wheel bearing;

A warning
Do not remove the nut bearing shock absorber, without compressing the spring. Make sure that the device to compress the spring does not slip off from the spring, when it is compressed.

- Secure the connecting rod on the shock absorber. Tighten the new nut torque 100 Nm;
- Install the lower ball joint to the knuckle. Depending on how you were charged shock absorber or tighten the nut to the ball joint torque of 30 Nm, and then turn it a further 90 ? (always install a new nut) or tighten the two screws on the ball joint torque 55 Nm;
- Establish joint tie rod to the knuckle. Tighten new self-locking nut to 30 Nm, and then turn it another 90 ?;
- Set the brake bracket (see. Above);
- Establish a wheel and lower the car on wheels;
- Tighten the screw drive shaft torque of 150 Nm, and then turn it another 90 ?;

Note
The bolt can be tightened only when the vehicle is on wheels.

- Tighten the upper shock absorber mount (see. Above);
- Tighten the wheel torque of 140 Nm.




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Repairing front suspension

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