Current care and maintenance
In preparing this chapter, the emphasis was on helping the amateur mechanic to maintain your car is able to maximize the effectiveness of operating parameters, efficiency, safety and reliability. Later in the chapter the reader will find the full schedule of procedures of routine maintenance of the car, as well as sections devoted to the description of the service of some of its systems. The section provides descriptions of visual checks, adjustments, replacement of components, and other useful tips. Place the individual components to help determine the kinds of illustrations with the engine compartment (see. Section routine maintenance schedule). After reading kilometrazhno-time schedule, and the following guidelines, the reader will have a clear program of action, capable of providing long and reliable service vehicle. Remember that only the implementation of certain items outlined a plan to neglect other is not able to give the expected result.
During the maintenance of the car the reader will soon be convinced that many procedures can (and should) combine because of the similarity of action to implement them. For example, if the car is raised above the ground to lubricate the chassis, it makes sense to produce at the same time check the status of components of exhaust systems, suspension, steering, and fuel supply. If the wheels are removed for other work at the same time reasonably to assess the degree of wear of the brakes. Finally, rent special tools does not make sense to carry only a single procedure: Well, if there was the need for a torque wrench to tighten, such as spark plugs, it is useful at the same time check the efforts of a tightening of the largest possible number of available fasteners effort tightening which They are among the critical parameters.
The first step in the program is the maintenance of the vehicle self-study. Carefully read all the materials of the section relating to the forthcoming procedures, then prepare all the necessary materials, equipment and tools. If you are afraid to face the challenges in the implementation of some specific activities, consult the service station, or to a person already doing the work.
Each service vehicle to the service station, using the device for polling the fault memory is read fault codes engine control electronic devices, ABS, SRS, and anti-theft system - try from time to time to visit the branded service stations. It should be remembered that some of the fault, such as defective sensors engine management systems, do not lead to a noticeable decrease in vehicle performance. Control devices have a mode of operation of the emergency or work on average of stored values that often can not be detected by the driver alone. Poll fault memory is carried out through a special diagnostic socket DLC.
Car maintenance should be carried out strictly in accordance with the requirements below the maintenance schedule (see. Section routine maintenance schedule).